The brain has the same chemical response to psychological abuse as it does to physical abuse. The brain makes no distinction. The invisible wounds of psychological abuse have devastating effects.
When a child's flight-or-fight response is activated too often, from abuse, neglect or parental addiction, it can change the structure of a developing brain. It's called toxic stress, and pediatrician Nadine Burke Harris believes every medical professional in the country needs to be equipped with screening tools. She offers her humble opinion on giving every child a shot at a healthy life.